In my combined talk and discussion, I will explore possible intersections between gender and Open Science and Open Innovation (OS/OI). Focusing on selected key aspects of OS/OI policies and practices, I will show that most analyses and policy documents related to OS/OI adopt a gender blind approach, with such an approach being more pronounced in the case of OS policies and practices than in the case of OI. I will argue that the consideration of gender issues in the development of OS/OI policies could have a positive impact on the promotion of gender equality goals and elimination of gender biases.
I will first examine what the gender issues are in selected aspects of Open Science, for instance through open access to publications and research data or the ways in which open access practices can be embedded in research evaluation/assessment procedures. Given the existing knowledge about gender differences in research publication as well as gender bias in research evaluation and assessment, it is for example pertinent to examine open peer review and altmetrics for potential relevance of gender. I will go on to consider the ways in which open innovation practices (such as crowdsourcing and citizen science) can contribute to advancing gender equality and gendered innovations. I will highlight the need to address the gender dimension on innovation processes overall, as well as the need to address diversity and gender balance in open innovation processes. In conclusion, I will formulate recommendations in selected priority areas for action addressed to different stakeholders, which I will open for discussion with the participants.
GENDERACTION project (http://genderaction.eu/)
Marcela Linková PhD is a researcher at the Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences where she directs the Centre for Gender and Science. She has a doctorate in sociology from Charles University in Prague. Her research focuses on sociology of gendered organizations, research careers, governance of research and research assessment from a gender perspective. Marcela also examines the material-discursive practices through which gender equality policies and initiatives are adopted and implemented at the European and Czech country levels. She is the chair of the ERAC Standing Working Group on Gender in Research and Innovation; before she was the co-chair of the Commission’s Helsinki Group on Gender in Research and Innovation. She is active in developing policy solutions for gender equality in research at the Czech and EU levels. She has served on expert and advisory bodies of the European Commission and in the Czech Republic. She publishes on gender equality in research, and in together with Mary Frank Fox and Kjersten Bunker Whittington contributed to the 4th edition of the Handbook of Science and Technology Studies (2017). She is an alumna of the International Visitor Leadership Programme “Women in STEM”.