NTRANS has the pleasure of welcoming you to a new season of our bi-weekly lunch box webinars. This spring semester the webinars will take place on Wednesdays at 12-13.00.
Presenter: Nils Oskar Tronrud
“Captured waste: drivers and barriers to implementing carbon capture and storage in the Waste-to-Energy industry”
This thesis explores the drivers and barriers to implementing carbon capture and storage in the waste-to-energy industry, and how contextual and place-based factors and preconditions affect this transformation. Additionally, it explores the role and strategy of actors involved in the transition.
The study identified climate action, financing schemes, new business models that cover capital and operational expenses, and learning outcomes as the primary drivers. Capital and operational expenses were identified as the primary financial barriers. To enable profitability of carbon capture and storage in the waste-to-energy sector, informants call for policies that create negative emission markets and adjust the CO2 emission tariff for the sector. Space limitations and issues of heat integration were also major barriers.
Actors have formed networks to overcome place-based and other barriers, where they share learning about carbon capture and storage, collaborate on transport infrastructure, and call for improved policies and frameworks.
The findings provide empirical examples of regime alignment, triple embeddedness mediation, and highlight technical and physical challenges to implementing carbon capture and storage in the waste sector. Finally, geography is conveyed through an emphasis on place-based factors, which showed a variance between the cases.
At a general level, the findings of this thesis highlight the challenges of transforming hard-to-abate industries with carbon capture and storage, and the measures that actors involved are employing to increase the success of these projects.
Nils Oskar Tronrud is a recent graduate from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), where he completed a master's program in Globalization and Sustainable Development, with a specialization in innovation and regional development. He has a keen interest in large-scale transformation processes, their implications, and subsequent reactions.
He participated in a research project on energy transition in Indonesia during an internship at Universitas Gadjah Mada. His master's thesis focused on carbon capture in the waste industry, while his bachelor's thesis analyzed the impact of the 2015 refugee crisis on immigration discourse in Sweden.
As an alumnus of NTNU, Nils brings a global perspective, an innovative mindset, and a commitment to sustainable development and regional growth.
Tomas Moe Skjølsvold, Vice Director NTRANS